What is organic gardening?
Growing plants and food with miniminal or no use of chemicals. It also thinks about gardening as part of a whole system in nature that considers water, benefiical insects, soil, and people.
• organic fertilizers are slow-release and mobilize existing soil nutrients increases soil health and structure
• prevents runoff of soluble nitrogen and phosphorous, which can damage the watershed and marine line.
• better for environment and human health in the longrun!
• requires more time commitment and application (as they biodegrade more easily)
• composition may also be more variable than an inorganic product
• Fish emulsion is produced from the fluid remains of fish processed for fish oil and fish meal industrially. A source of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, it is diluted with water and applied directly on plant leaves or soil.
* At SCLT's City Farm, we like to dip the roots of seedlings into fish emulsion before we transplant them into the soil.
• Apply compost to your garden beds (2" a few weeks before planting in the spring)
Watering and Harvesting
• There is an art to watering in the summer! Water in the early morning or late afternoon/evening. It's important to do a deep watering of the soil and the roots every 3 days, rather than a shallow watering everyday (and no watering leaves/flowers!). How do you know if you're watering enough? Soil that's been watered enough will "shine" with water for at least 10 seconds. If soil is still dry, the water will sink down immediately and will glisten for only a couple seconds.
• Harvest only in the morning or evening. If you pick your vegetables in the afternoon, it will cause plants to lose moisture astress out the plants because of the summer heat.